Research Projects

UB2017 Synthesis Workshop

Ulaan Baator, Mongolia, June 2-5, 2017

We are currently preparing our next synthesis workshop and the event website will launch soon. Calls for proposed synthesis papers from attendees will be collected until January 30, 2017. Those interested in leading a synthesis manuscript can either download or complete the Feedback and Information Form online.

Please select one option to submit a synthesis manuscript proposal:

Coupled Human & Natural System on the Mongolian Plateau

The Mongolian Plateau, divided by similar ecosystems yet contrasting socioeconmic systems known as Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, is home to rapid biophysical and socioeconomic changes. The purpose of this study is to bring together a multidisciplinary research team to examine and model the changes of the natural and human systems on the Plateau as well as the critical feedbacks between them over recent decades. This is the third, funded project investigating the Mongolian Plateau.

Socioecological Carbon Production in Managed
Agricultural-Forest Landscapes

Land use, land cover changes, and ecosystem-specific management practices are increasingly recognized for their roles in mediating the climatic effects on ecosystem structure and function. As demonstrated by some scholars, human activities can influence C fluxes and storage far more than climatic changes. All of these activities require a CO2-equivalent amount of energy ("social C flux") to offset the actual amount of C sequestered by the ecosystems and landscapes. A complete life cycle assessment (LCA) is needed to account for the actual sequestration strength at different spatial and temporal scales.

New student opportunities
Positions for 1 Postdoc, 2 PhD students, and 2 Undergraduate students are open starting fall 2017. If you are interested in applying, please contact Dr. Jiquan Chen with your CV and experience for more information. More information can be found on the project website.

Urbanization and sustainability under global change and transitional economies: Synthesis from Southeast, East and North Asia (SENA)

Transitional economies in Southeast, East, and North Asia (SENA), including Cambodia, Laos PDR, Myanmar, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, and the Asian part of Russia (Siberia), have experienced liberalization, macroeconomic stabilization, restructuring and privatization, and legal and institutional reforms over the past three decades. Building upon our previous research, rich databases, and diverse expertise, we set our objective toward synthesizing the data and knowledge on urban sustainability to the socioeconomic transformation and changing climate in transitional economies in SENA.

Sustainability Assessment of the
New Technology and Products of PV Systems (SEP)

Solar photovoltaic electricity technology is considered one of the top choices to meet the future's need for CO2-free sources. It must be made sustainable from economic, environmental, and societal perspectives. Our objective is to develop the concepts, materials, and processes necessary to economically produce environmentally friendly thin-film solar cells from earth-abundant, environmentally benign (EAEB) materials. We have assembled a multi-disciplinary team representing physics, materials science, engineering, chemistry, socioeconomics, environmental science, and education to address these complex issues.

Ecosystem-Society Interactions on a Changing Mongolian Plateau

The overall objective of this project is to synthesize our data, knowledge, and quantitative models on ecosystem and social resilience to the changing climate and dynamic socioeconomic pressures placed on the fragile, Mongolian ecosystems. This will be done by modeling natural system (NS) and human system (HS) processes and dynamics as well as the interactions and feedbacks among them. We will use multiple data sources to document human and natural dynamics at multiple temporal and spatial scales for the Plateau, where Inner Mongolia and Mongolia have had similar climates, ecosystems, cultures, and traditions, but different governments, land uses, economic development, and demographic changes in the past.

Bioenenergy at the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center

In this project, we use the eddy covariance (EC) method as our primary tool in making intensive, continuous measurements of NEP, water loss through evapotranspiration (ET) and energy balance at the six KBS-GLBRC “Scale-Up Fields”: switch grass, restored prairie and continuous corn fields (two replicates of each system).

We hypothesize that significant differences exist in ecosystem production, biophysical regulations and below-ground carbon allocation among the three biofuel production systems.  These differences are clearly reflected at multiple temporal scales.  

A Team for Coupled Human and Environmental MacroSystems (TeamCHEMS) in a Changing Globe

With many pressing issues facing today's global community (e.g., water scarcity, food security, energy shortage, global warming, human health), sound solutions and approaches need to: (i) couple natural and human sciences, and (ii) consider the co-evolutions of natural and human systems at broader spatial scales. These needs have resulted in two major research programs within the National Science Foundation (NSF): coupled natural and human systems (CNH) and Macrosystems Biology.

The goal of this proposal is to form a team across the MSU campus to be well positioned to compete for these opportunities. This team will target the Coupled Human and Environmental MacroSystems (i.e., TeamCHEMS) of: i) three contrasting countries (USA, China, and Brazil), and ii) three clustering macrosystems (European Union, Africa Union, and former Soviet Union), with 6 countries in each cluster, and the linkages (i.e. telecoupling among these macro-systems).

US-China Carbon Consortium (USCCC)

The USCCC mission is to facilitate better understanding of the environmental factors influencing the rate and magnitude of carbon sequestration and water cycling across a range of ecosystems and climates using mutually agreed upon measurement protocols and equipment, and through a collaborated network of data sharing and analysis.